Dear Editor,What “34GATE” has illustrated is that the Granger generation is prepared to betray the younger generation that has to inherit the future. This naked attempt to ignore the Constitution illustrates why the rest of the Caribbean Community (Caricom) continues to disrespect Guyanese youths.Why should the Caricom headquarters be in Guyana, a nation that does not respect basic democracy and the rule of law?If a poll is done today, it will demonstrate that the majority of the youths who constitute more than 65 per cent of the population are in total agreement with the fact that 33 is greater than 32 and it is an absolute majority in a 65-member Parliament. This stuff is basic arithmetic that we have learnt in high school. It is not our fault that the Granger generation chooses to ignore us and now that they know we the youths are not available to them anymore, they want to stay in power by extra-constitutional means. It is time for the elections Mr Granger.The self-interest of this Granger generation is self-evident as we all are witnessing their dastardly plan to keep power by whatever means necessary. As one of the Alliance For Change (AFC) Ministers said in a correspondence to his group that was forwarded to me, “we cannot be in Government and not retain power by any means necessary”. Well if the AFC can do this, guess what the People’s National Congress (PNC) will do? Since the PNC was born out of dictatorship, then we must understand that it is in the DNA of the PNC to be dictatorial and to trample on the idea of democracy.Today the nation has to be aware of these so-called liberal democrats in the AFC who have morphed into being liberal dictators as they copy the ways of the PNC. That is why I am so afraid of all the third forces, be it the Amerindian party or the Ramkarran/Jeffrey party. Wasn’t the AFC saying all the right things in its incubatory stages? But look at them today – the AFC is no better than the PNC with their dictatorial mannerism.Was it not the AFC who said they were going to deliver constitutional reforms in this Granger Administration and they were going to advance the process materially within 100 days? Over 1000 days have passed and the constitutional reform process is dead on arrival under the feet of Basil Williams and Moses Nagamootoo.So why do you think that Ramkarran and Jeffrey or Shuman will be any different? All we will be getting from them from now to the elections are slogans since they do not have a plan to actually implement anything in the real world in which we all have to live in.It is people like these that bring so much disrespect to the legal community and academia. They are driven by their obsession with power and their years in power. Why on earth two old men like Ramkarran and Jeffrey would want to run for office when they are way past their best by date?Beware Guyana! Beware of the PNC and AFC and beware of these entire Johnny come lately satellites of the PNC.Sincerely,Surujdai Lilmohan
0Shares0000Manchester United manager Jose Mourinho was furious with his side’s sloppy defending as they made a host of mistakes that allowed Spurs to claim the joint second fastest goal in Premier League historyMANCHESTER, United Kingdom, Feb 3 – Jose Mourinho is following the example of Manchester United predecessor Sir Alex Ferguson by forging a plan to catch Manchester City next season.Mourinho has admitted defeat in the Premier League title race, with United an ominous 15 points behind City with just 13 games remaining. However, the United boss is already looking towards the 2018-19 campaign to overhaul Pep Guardiola’s side.He is taking a leaf out of Ferguson’s book after United were beaten to the Premier League title by Mourinho’s Chelsea in both 2005 and 2006, before going on to reclaim the championship themselves.“I always remember Sir Alex said in 2005-06, when we won the second title with Chelsea, that we [United] need to improve a lot because they’ve raised the bar to such a level,” said Mourinho.“They [Chelsea] won two titles in a row – the second title was easier than the first – and then the biggest manager in the Premier League said United needed to improve a lot.“That was the click for the improvement of the team. In 2006-07, United won the title back.“It has to be like that. “That’s why every match until the end of the season is an important match for us. It’s not just about the points and finishing in the top four, which is important.“We must try to finish second, try to play the best we can and improve the players individually the best we can and be the best possible team at the end of the season.“Then we must try to start next season in a good way, like we did this season, but try to be consistent and not to lose points like we did in some matches where we shouldn’t.”0Shares0000(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today)
Ursula Donnelly of Donegal Local Enterprise Office cuts the ribbon to declare Portsalon Luxury Camping officially open on Monday evening as owners Sean Coll and Helen Haworth look on with Board Members and staff from Donegal Local Development Company, staff from Donegal Local Enterprise Office and Donegal County Council and other invited guests.A development of a magnificent luxury camp site has opened up on a hillside overlooking Portsalon.Donegal’s first Yurt site, Portsalon Luxury Camping, was officially opened last night.The development has been described this week as an excellent example of how LEADER funding for rural tourism initiatives can improve and benefit the local area. The comments came from Patrick Sweeney, Treasurer and Board Director of Donegal Local Development Company (DLDC).Patrick Sweeney, Treasurer and Board Director of Donegal Local Development Company (DLDC) speaking at the official opening of Portsalon Luxury Camping on Monday.“This really is a unique project and DLDC through the Leader Programme is delighted to support the development of local rural businesses which significantly bolster tourism infrastructure, generate economic activity and create employment in rural areas.”“Through various Leader Programmes, Donegal Local Development Company has so far provided in excess of €23M to some 725 projects in Donegal. Along with matched funding by project promoters, a total of over €55M has been invested in rural development projects by DLDC in Donegal,” he said.Funding of €141,481.66 was provided for the project by Donegal Local Development Company Ltd through the ‘Encouragement of Tourism Activities’ measure of the Rural Development Programme (LEADER) 2007 – 2013. However Monday’s launch heard that the project really came to fruition through the sheer determination and persistence of owners Sean Coll and Helen Haworth, who never gave up on their dream.In their address to invited guests, Helen and Sean outlined – not only how they had built and lived in a yurt for eight months while they renovated their farmhouse – but how they had successfully secured inter-agency support for their project, by continually seeking solutions to any of the obstacles thrown in their way.“The thing that stands out most is that over five years in that vision, is that not once did you hear them whinge or cry or bemoan the lack of effort coming from anybody.That’s the bit that really stands to Sean and Helen. They just go at it, they stick at it, they keep going and nothing gets in the way,” said Gerry Moan of the Discovery Zone Programme where Helen had finalised the business plan for the project.He added: “If every entrepreneur that I work with had this energy and this passion, by God this would be some country.” Michael Tunney, Head of Enterprise at Donegal Local Enterprise Office, insisted that the development of the superb tourism facility should be an example to lots of people in our county of what can be done with a bit of imagination, but also a willingness to learn and listen.“Helen, when she was part of the Discovery Programme, was always willing to be challenged and to take on board advice. It is an outstanding project and a superb example of what two individuals can do with determination and the right support from the likes of Donegal Local Development Company who helped fund the project but also the ongoing support from their community, their families and also from the likes of the Local Enterprise Office and DLDC.In their address Helen and Sean, who explained they have recently received their Quality Assurance through the Fáilte Ireland Welcome Standard, said that following a hugely successful first year in business, they are looking forward to an even better season this year.They went on to thank all those who had supported them and in particular the DLDC Board for the Capital funding , project Officer Sinead Mc Laughlin, Leader Manager, Frank Kelly as well as LEO and their staff. “Last year we had a very successful first season and this year we are expecting to more than double our 2014 bookings and we are seeing bookings come in from America, Canada, Australia, Germany, world wide.We are sure that the Wild Atlantic Way is going to be a really big boost for us and for the area and we just really want to think everyone who has helped us in any way to get this far.”Before Ursula Donnelly of Donegal Local Enterprise Office cut the ribbon to declare the site officially opened, Patrick Sweeney of DLDC once again congratulated Helen and Sean on their foresight and determination to develop Portsalon Luxury Camping.“While we acknowledge the importance of the LEADER grant, we must also acknowledge the commitment and input from Sean and Helen who provided matched funding of some €60K to ensure the project was delivered to the outstanding specification we witnessed here today. This project really is an excellent example of how LEADER funding for rural tourism initiatives can improve and benefit the local area,” he concluded.EndsCaptions1Ursula Donnelly of Donegal Local Enterprise Office cuts the ribbon to declare Portsalon Luxury Camping officially open on Monday evening as owners Sean Coll and Helen Haworth look on with Board Members and staff from Donegal Local Development Company, staff from Donegal Local Enterprise Office and Donegal County Council and other invited guests.2Sean Coll and Helen Haworth of Portsalon Luxury Camping speaking at the official opening of their fantastic new tourism destination on Monday evening.3Invited guests listen to Michael Tunney of Donegal Local Enterprise Office during his address at the official opening of Portsalon Luxury Camping on Monday evening.4Patrick Sweeney, Treasurer and Board Director of Donegal Local Development Company (DLDC) speaking at the official opening of Portsalon Luxury Camping on Monday.LUXURY CAMPING SITE OPENED UP OVERLOOKING PORTSALON was last modified: June 23rd, 2015 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:donegalluxury campsitePortsalonYurt
GERMAN golfers could be coming to Co Donegal in their droves next year, if tourism bosses get their way.Failte Ireland and Tourism Ireland Golf in Germany in cooperation with leading German golf tour operator golf.extra brought six German golf professionals to the Northwest this week.They played Ballyliffin and were absolutely blown away by the quality of the two courses. Golf professionals in Germany travel a lot with their students throughout the year to various destinations and generate a lot of business.Martina Bromley, Fáilte Ireland’s Head of Operations in the North West welcomed the group to the North West: “We believe that our golf product is among the best in the world and recent studies have shown the great potential of golf for tourism as estimating that the typical overseas golf tourist is worth almost three times the value of the average tourist to Ireland and, with approximately 155,000 overseas visitors playing golf while in Ireland, this amounts to a total estimated spend of €204 million per annum.“It is important that we fully promote what is available by assisting these groups in showcasing what Ireland has to offer. This will certainly encourage and help maintain Ireland’s reputation as a destination for high quality and challenging golf.”In the picture from left to right is part of the group on Glashedy Links – Erik Moll, Sven Stier, Men’s Captain Paddy Logue and Fred Hoffmann.The group also played Murvagh, Bundoran, Rosses Point and Castle Dargan to get a short overview of what the Northwest has to offer. Advertisement TOURISM HOPES AFTER GERMAN GOLF PROFESSIONALS VISIT DONEGAL was last modified: October 27th, 2012 by BrendaShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:TOURISM HOPES AFTER GERMAN GOLF PROFESSIONALS VISIT DONEGAL
DONEGAL TD and SF Justice spokesman Padraig Mac Lochlainn has condemned last night’s brutal murder of a Garda detective.The fatal shooting happened at around 9.30pm at the Lordship Credit Union in Bellurgan, Jenkinstown in Dundalk.The Garda Adrian Donohoe was one of two detectives on escort duty when the shooting occurred. It is believed four armed men were waiting outside to rob the credit union and moved to hold up staff at gunpoint as they were leaving work.One of the two detectives approached the raiders and was shot dead.His colleague has been severely traumatised but is otherwise unhurt.The raiders fled the scene in what is believed to have been a dark-coloured car. Reacting to the news, Sinn Féin Justice spokesperson, Pádraig Mac Lochlainn said: “This is a yet another tragic reminder of the immense risks our Gardaí take every day to protect our communities.“We can only hope that those responsible are speedily brought to justice.“My thoughts and prayers are with the deceased Garda’s family and colleagues at this very difficult time.”A Garda spokesman said: “It is with profound sadness that we announce the death of Detective Garda Adrian Donohoe attached to the Detective Unit in Dundalk.“Detective Garda Donohoe was fatally injured following a shooting incident at the Lordship Credit Union at Bellurgan, Jenkinstown, Dundalk, Co Louth at approximately 9.30pm last night (25/1/13). “Following the death of Detective Garda Adrian Donohoe Garda Commissioner Martin Callinan speaking at Garda Headquarters this morning said: ‘I am deeply saddened to hear of the death of my colleague Detective Garda Adrian Donohoe. Detective Garda Donohoe died as a result of injuries sustained in the course of his duty following a shooting incident in Dundalk last night.“At this time my thoughts and prayers and those of the entire force are with the family, friends and close colleagues of Adrian.”GRA President John Parker said: “This dreadful news is what every police family fears. At this time the wider garda family will be doing everything possible to support the late garda’s relatives and loved ones, friends and colleagues. There is a deep shock across An Garda Síochána – and Irish society.“This heinous crime highlights the dangers gardaí face in the course of their duties and must be rightly condemned. We urge anyone who has any information, however small it may seem, to contact gardaí in Dundalk or the confidential Crimestoppers line 1800 25 00 25.” OUTRAGE AT MURDER OF GARDA DETECTIVE was last modified: January 26th, 2013 by BrendaShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:OUTRAGE AT MURDER OF GARDA DETECTIVE
The smallest rotary motor in the world keeps your body humming. It also keeps bacteria, plants, polar bears, giraffes, salmon, sea urchins and just about everything else humming. It’s a nano-wonder called ATP synthase. This molecular motor has been reported many times in these pages, but not recently; what’s new? The state of our knowledge about ATP synthase was summarized in a paper in Nature by three German scientists.1 Basically, it’s a fascinating machine, but there’s still a lot more to learn. It’s not just figurative speech to call ATP synthase a rotary motor. It actually generates torque (the subject of the paper in Nature). The authors compared it to a Wankel engine – the kind that powers a Mazda car, and used the word “motor” 30 times in the paper. They said the first studies of this molecular machine revealed it “resembling a three-chambered molecular Wankel engine, therefore strongly suggested that rotation, rather than alternation, was nature’s choice, and that the synthesis of ATP might be mechanically driven by rotation….” Synthesis of ATP (thus the name) is its job. ATP (adenosine triphosphate) is the energy currency for all of life. The ATP molecule is a nucleotide with extra phosphate groups attached. It requires energy to attach the phosphate groups; energy is liberated when they are removed. Most molecular processes in the cell (and in all of life) use that liberated energy that comes from ATP. Plants use it for photosynthesis; animals use it for respiration. Quadrillions of these rotary engines in a human body manufacture ATP constantly, day and night, to keep those processes operational. If they suddenly stopped, you would be dead before you hit the floor. ATP synthase has several parts; a rotor, a stator, and a camshaft. It’s actually two motors in one. The top half (called F1) is a three-chambered assembly factory that pushes the phosphates onto the nucleotide. Three pairs of lobes in this stepping motor turns loading ADP and phosphate, assembling them, and releasing ATP molecules. They are powered underneath by a waterwheel-like rotating motor that runs on proton motive force (see 12/22/2003). Taking advantage of the ever-present Brownian motion and electrostatic interactions, the protons turn the wheel. This simultaneously turns a coupled camshaft-like mechanism that protrudes into the top half, which transfers the torque to the ATP-assembling lobes. The engine can work in either direction, constructing ATP molecules or breaking them down, depending on the concentration gradient. Scientists have been intrigued by the mismatch of gear ratios between the top and bottom halves of the engine. In some animals, for instance, there are 11 units in the rotating half, but 3 in the top half. This implies some transfer of elastic energy in the camshaft. Whatever is happening, it works: scientists say this machine approaches 100% efficiency. For a taste of the discussion from the paper for those who know physics, they are discussing the match between the energy needed for ATP hydrolysis and the mechanical work done by the motor:The match implies 100% efficiency for the conversion of the Gibbs free energy of ATP hydrolysis into mechanical work performed on the elastically strained filament. This is not surprising given the approximate thermodynamic equilibrium of the enzyme (long)-filament construct. It is more informative to say that there is no slip between ATP hydrolysis in F1 and rotation in FO under the given conditions.2 Rotary slip in FOF1 in chloroplasts and bacteria has been detected, but only under single-site occupancy, that is, at nucleotide concentrations significantly below 100 nM. The momentary torque can be larger (for example, during a particular power stroke) or smaller (during a kinetic dwell) than its equilibrium average. This may account for the still puzzling independence of the torque from the ATP concentration in the nanomolar to millimolar range (see ref. 2 for a review). It is worth mentioning that the other technique for determining the torque from the rate of rotation underestimates its magnitude because it neglects viscous flow coupling between the filament and the enzyme-supporting surface.The mismatch of gear ratios may actually make the machine more efficient. “It has also shown that an elastic power transmission is indispensable for a high rate of coupled turnover under load,” they said. “It increases the rate by several orders of magnitude over that of a rigidly coupled double motor….. The elastic power transmission both increases the ‘kinetic efficiency’ of the coupled motors … and allows the double motor to function with different gears in different organisms.” In conclusion, they noted five questions about ATP synthase that remain to be answered since the true mechanical nature of this rotary engine came to light around 1997 (and won its discoverers the Nobel Prize). Surrounding those questions were expressions of marvel at the design of this machine:ATP synthase (FOF1) is a molecular machine that combines the electrical, mechanical and chemical aspects of enzyme function. These are neatly separated, readily attributed to its different subunits, and reasonably well understood thanks to a wealth of structural and kinetic data. However, understanding the enzyme fully at a molecular level will require considerable efforts, both experimental and theoretical. There are five outstanding issues…. Only when we have solved these problems will we come close to a full understanding of this remarkable piece of cellular machinery.There are other examples of rotary engines in living cells, including the bacterial flagellum (which is an order of magnitude larger), and helicases (the machines that unwind DNA). There are also two other spinoffs of ATP synthase (if you’ll pardon the pun), built on the same principle, that perform other functions (see 02/24/2003 and 12/22/2003 for information on of them). Most other cellular machines, like the actins and kinesins, operate in a linear fashion. “The coupled operation of two rotary motors, one electrical (FO) and one chemical (F1), is unique,” the authors said. “In FOF1-ATPase there is no fine-tuning of the two stepping motors;3 instead, their coupled operation is smoothed and speeded by elastic power transmission, which accounts for its high kinetic efficiency and robust function..” Scientists used to believe life was incapable of utilizing the wheel. Now they know better. Speaking of elastic power transmission producing high kinetic efficiency and robust function, they mentioned something that should tempt a biophysicist to investigate: “Other nanomotors probably share this feature.”1. Junge, Seilaff and Engelbrecht, “Torque generation and elastic power transmission in the rotary FOF1-ATPase,” Nature 459, 364-370 (21 May 2009) | doi:10.1038/nature08145.2. F0 refers to the rotating part of the machine that runs on proton motive force. F1 refers to the top half that synthesizes ATP.3. They refer not to design principles but to the non-integer gear ratio between the two parts which, as they explained, actually increases the yield by an order of magnitude. See also the 08/10/2004 entry: “ATP Synthase: Another Unexpected Case of Fine Tuning”.We could form a pretty large stack of scientific papers with the following characteristics: (1) they express marvel at the engineering design of living things, and (2) they say absolutely nothing about evolution. This paper was another prime example. Somebody should make a project of that and carry the stack to school board meetings where the NCSE is giving their usual spiel that nothing in biology makes sense except in the light of evolution. The more you know about ATP synthase, the more you will be led to conclude that this is a wondrous device showcasing intelligent design. It’s mechanically perfect, irreducibly complex, 100% efficient, absolutely necessary for life, and capable of generating awe among scientists who study it. Notice that it was discovered 138 years after Charlie dreamed up his little myth about how design could invent itself.(Visited 111 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
Not content with merely being a golfinggreat, Els also has a golf developmentfoundation, a project that raises fundsfor autism, a course design company and a successful wine farm.(Image: Ernie Els) Despite his imposing height of 1.91m,Els is known for his genial personality.(Image: Wikimedia Commons) MEDIA CONTACTS • Duncan WoodsBrand manager, Els Group (SA)+27 21 881 3588 RELATED ARTICLES • SA to host world’s richest golf event • SA golf prodigy wins British Open • Sun City golf courses still top notch • Reviving sport in SA schoolsSource: SouthAfrica.infoSouth African sporting great Ernie Els was inducted into the World Golf Hall of Fame on Monday. He joins the legendary Gary Player, who entered the Hall in 1974.The other members of the 2011 Hall of Fame class were Jock Hutchison, Doug Ford, Jumbo Ozaki, Frank Chirkinian, and former US president George Bush.Nicknamed “The Big Easy” because of his wonderful swing, Els was elected in his first year on the ballot. That’s not surprising as he has won 62 titles so far in his career, including two US Opens and one British Open title. Much like Player, he has enjoyed success around the world.Success around the worldEls has won 15 times on the PGA Tour, 21 times on the European Tour, 18 times on South Africa’s Sunshine Tour, and recorded eight other wins besides. He has also played in the Presidents Cup six times, represented South Africa in the Dunhill Cup in nine consecutive years, and in the World Cup five times.He topped the European Tour’s Order of Merit in 2003 and 2004. He has also won the World Matchplay Championship a record seven times. Gary Player is tied with Seve Ballesteros for the second most wins, with five.Long before he turned professional, Els began making his mark and his name first sprung to prominence in 1984 when he won the 1984 Junior World Golf Championship in San Diego by beating home town golfer Phil Mickelson in the final. It has indeed been a long journey.Impact beyond the golf courseHis impact, however, extends beyond his achievements on the course. South African golf is going through a purple patch at present, with Charl Schwartzel the current Masters champion and Louis Oosthuizen the British Open champion. Both of them were members of Els’ junior golf foundation, now known as the Ernie Els and Fancourt Foundation.Oosthuizen told Helen Ross on the PGA Tour website: “If it weren’t for Ernie Es, I would not be where I am today. It’s as simple as that.“I spent several happy years at Ernie’s foundation and whenever I wanted help since I have been out on Tour, Ernie has happily given it. I could not have found a better role model.”‘A great inspiration’Schwartzel said: “Ernie has been a great inspiration and friend to me for years. He is always happy to give his time and expertise, and I have been the grateful beneficiary of his generosity.”It is not only the younger generation of South African golfers that appreciates what Els has done. Gary Player, too, was full of praise for him.“I was so pleased to hear the news that Ernie has been selected to be inducted into the World Golf Hall of Fame,” he said. “Ernie certainly deserves this recognition, as he epitomises a ‘world’ golfer.“He is a credit to the game and an ambassador for the sport. Ernie has been a wonderful friend over the years and I am very fond of him and his family.”Champion for autismApart from his excellence as a golfer and the opportunities he has created for youngsters through his foundation, Els is also striving to make a difference in the lives of people who have autism, or who are affected by it.Duncan started with the Ernie Els Wines team in 2003, and has recently re-joined the group as Ernie Els Group Brand Manager focussing on the South African market.His son Ben is autistic and Els has used his profile to raise money for charities devoted to the condition, whilst also establishing the Els for Autism Foundation.In 2009, he hosted the first annual Els for Autism charity golf event, which featured many PGA Tour and Champions Tour players. That year, he raised $725 000 (R4.9-million) for the Renaissance Learning Center, a non-profit school for autistic children, near his residence in West Palm Beach, Florida.The pace of fund raising at the charity golf event has been maintained, and after it was recently held for a third time the money raised by it had topped $2.2-million (R14.9-million).Els Center for ExcellenceEls, along with his wife Liezl, has established the Els Center for Excellence which, it is planned, will combine the Renaissance Learning Center with a research facility. It is a $30-million (R203-million) project and the couple has committed $6-million R41-million) of their own money to it.To top things off, mention must be made of Els as a successful golf course designer, with top class layouts in Asia, Europe, the Middle East, the Americas and southern Africa. They include, among others, the Savannah course at Mission Hills in China, the re-design of Wentworth in England, The Durrat al Bahrain in Bahrain, The Els Club in Dubai, Hoakalei in Hawaii, and Oubaai in South Africa.
South Africa’s position on the 2014 Ibrahim Index of African Governance improved from fifth to fourth thanks to improvements in the economy and infrastructure development. (Image: Brand South Africa)• Research reveals Kenyan, Nigerian views of South Africa• Buy local to build South Africa’s economy• Agoa open up opportunities for Africa’s female entrepreneurs• Stalled on the Trans-Africa Highway• G20: Africa’s growth can stabilise the world economyShamin ChibbaSouth Africa’s economy is on the mend, if the 2014 Ibrahim Index of African Governance is anything to go by.The country’s level of sustainable economic opportunity score improved to 71.9 points out of 100, up more than three points on the previous year. Out of 52 African countries surveyed, South Africa came out second in this particular category, behind Mauritius, which has 79.7 points.The sustainable economic opportunity category is divided into four sub-categories: public management, business environment, infrastructure, and rural sector. These analyse 31 features that make up a country’s economy, such as fiscal policy, level of bureaucracy, access to water for low income and rural populations, and road, rail and air transport.The 2014 Ibrahim Index, published on Monday, 29 September, ranks a country’s overall governance within the African context. It is based not only on economic opportunity but also on safety and rule of law, participation and human rights, and human development. Taking all these categories into account, South Africa’s overall position also improved, from fifth in 2013 to fourth this year.The index is named after billionaire Sudanese-British mobile communications mogul Mo Ibrahim. He established the Mo Ibrahim Foundation in 2006, and created the index the following year . Sudanese-British mobile communications mogul, Mo Ibrahim, warned major African states like South Africa to remain vigilant and avoid complacency. (Image: Mo Ibrahim Foundation) Infrastructure development boostedBrand South Africa chief executive Miller Matola was encouraged by this year’s results, particularly regarding the improvements the country has made in infrastructure development. “Good infrastructure is attractive to investors and makes it easier to conduct business more efficiently and effectively,” he pointed out.In the index, South Africa’s infrastructure development score shot up from 67.5 in 2013 to 77.1 this year. The country now ranks third in this category behind the Seychelles and Mauritius. This comes after the World Economic Forum (WEF) and the Institute of Management Development (IMD) also announced South Africa’s improvement in infrastructure development. In the WEF’s Global Competitiveness Report for 2014-2015, the country moved up from 66 to 60 out of 144 countries. In the IMD’s 2014 World Competitiveness Yearbook, South Africa improved by three places from last year to 55.Despite these advances, Matola was concerned by the drop in rule and safety – from seventh in 2013 to eighth this year – and in participation and human rights – from third last year to fourth. “These issues impact equally on our competitiveness and ability to attract inward flows of investment,” he said. African governance improvement too slow – IbrahimWriting for the Institute for Security Studies weekly online newsletter, Independent Newspapers’ foreign editor, Peter Fabricius, said the Ibrahim Index suggested overall governance in Africa was slowing down.According to the index, governance on the continent rose by just 0.9 points out of 100 over the last five years, whereas before 2009 it improved by 1.2 points. “African governance as a whole has improved in some ways and deteriorated in others, resulting in this slight net improvement,” wrote Fabricius.For Ibrahim, Africa was still progressing but “the story is complex and doesn’t fit the stereotypes”. He also warned that the continent should remain vigilant, avoid complacency and adopt Afro-realism as a stance instead of Afro-pessimism or the current Africa Rising narrative.“More pertinently perhaps,” wrote Fabricius, “the index suggests that Africa still has a long way to go, and has to move much faster, if it is to overcome its chronic problems of poverty, underdevelopment and insecurity.”
Those looking to set up private universities in Uttar Pradesh will be required to submit an undertaking that the varsity will not get involved in “anti-national activities of any sort.”The varsities would also have to submit that they would not allow such activities to take place on their premises or in the name of the varsity.Such acts will be considered a violation of the conditions provided for the setting up of the universities and would authorise the State government to take action according to the relevant legal provisions.The above provisions are part of the conditions laid down by the Uttar Pradesh Private Universities Ordinance, 2019 that was approved by Yogi Adityanath’s Cabinet on Tuesday.As per a government press note, national integration, secularism, social harmony, international goodwill, moral building and “desh bhakti” (patriotism) have been included among the objectives of universities under the UPPUO.With the UPPOU, all private universities in UP, including the 27 existing ones, would come under an umbrella act. Currently, the private universities in the State have been set up and are running through separate acts and sanctions.However, the umbrella act would override all the acts as a “controlling body” to monitor and regulate the private varsities, said Sidharth Nath Singh, a Cabinet minister.The new system would look to bring uniformity to the fee structure, quality of education, implementation of the UGC guidelines and would attempt to “introduce the best practices of international universities,” said Mr. Singh.Among the proposals are that a minimum of 75% of teachers appointed to the private universities would be permanent and not contractual and their quality would be monitored online, Mr. Singh said.A university in a city would need to have a minimum land space of 20 acre while in rural areas they would need to be spread over 50 acre. The existing 27 universities have one year to implement the new changes.
The issue of scholarship for minorities still echoes in the corridor of Bombay High Court and State Ministry for Minority Affairs in Maharashtra as the former directed the later to explain why around 4 lakh students from religious minorities were prevented from being availing the scholarships in 2015-16.Following the Public Interest Litigation (PIL) filed by Latur corporator and activist Razaullah Khan, the Bombay High Court, Aurangabad bench, comprising Justice RM Borde and Justice Sangitrao Patil directed the respondents, including the state Minority Development department and Education and Sports department, to render their responses in four weeks time.Minority and Adult Education Department vs the petitionerThe PIL petition came after a Right to Information (RTI) revealed the absurdity in disbursing the scholarships entitled for the minorities in 2015-16. Multiple lakhs of minority students were prevented from receiving scholarships. A response to RTI reportedly revealed that while 7,17,896 students were eligible for renewal of their scholarships, only 3,30,776 applications were received.The Minority and Adult Education Department (MAE) resorted to the allegation citing that 53 per cent had not applied for renewal.Number was less because fewer students had applied, but Khan contended that students had not been registered because of the failure of the application process, said the MAE Director Nandan Nangare in response to the allegation.Changes in application processThe submission of application form was made offline owing to the network difficulties the applicant faces particularly at the rural areas.The applicants had to enter each and every detail on the National Scholarship Portal, but due to network challenges, the process was rebuffed and adopted offline application alone staring from 2015.advertisementRead: Academia need to be part of India’s growth story instead of mere spectators: Prakash JavadekarRead: ‘Sonam Gupta Bewafa Hai’ leaves impression in IIT exam Click here for more education related news.For more details, follow India Today Education or you can write to us at email@example.com